-RONAK JAIN (1301CE19) -PRASHANT PARIHAR(1301CH14)
Cyber comes from the word cybernetics, the study of the operation of control and communication. Psychology is the study of the mind and behavior.
The “Online Disinhibition Effect”
Through anonymity of cyberspace, users can exhibit extraordinary acts of kindness or charity that they may have felt inhibited from expressing in real life.
–This anonymity and altered psychological environment may allow users to communicate more objectionable needs and desires onto others.
Cyber Time :
- Exists Asynchronically.
- People often do not have to interact in real time, which can add to the disinhibition effect when one does not have to deal with the immediate reactions of others.
Multiple Personality :
- People can alter, change, emphasize different aspects of their personalities or identities,
- or totally reinvent themselves
- Show different personae (Latin “that through which the sound comes” or the actor’s mask)
Cyber Space :
- communicating only with typed text in social communication technologies,
Users have options: –
- being oneself
- expressing only parts of one’s identity
- assuming imagined identities
- remaining completely anonymous
- Transcends Distance.
- Virtually shrinking space making geography irrelevant.
-can bring people closer together, making a virtual world community.
-for people with anti-social motives, the nature of social communication technologies can enable users to abuse others not only next door, but also on other side of planet.
- Positive :
–can allow individuals to relate in genuinely open and honest ways about themselves that might be frightening offline to discuss in real life personal encounters.
- Negative :
–with anonymity, individual can act out hostile or sadistic emotions by abusing others online.
- People begin on a relatively level playing field.
- Virtual net democracy dependent largely on technical skills of user.
- Regardless of social status:
- Wealth, Race, Sex, Sexual & Gender Identity & Expression, Physical & Mental Attributes, & many other social identities
- cyberspace communication can alter perceptions and one’s state of consciousness by becoming:
-even a game where rules of real life no longer apply
-this may explain forms of computer and cyberspace addictions.
Cyberbullying involves the use of information and communication technologies such as e-mail and cell phone instant messaging, defamatory personal Web sites, and defamatory online personal polling Web sites, to support deliberate, repeated, and hostile behaviour by an individual or group, that is intended to harm others.
Differences Between Face-To-Face Bullying & Cyberbullying
- Users of technology often do things in cyberspace that they would not ordinarily do in face-to-face (F2F) or real life (RL) interactions—the “disinhibition effect.”
- With anonymity, cyberbullies do not have to “own” their actions, and often do not fear being punished.
- Cyberbullies can inflict pain without having to see the effects, which can result in a “deeper level of meanness.”
Facebook and Cyberpsychology
- Low Self-esteem
- Negative Relationship